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Control Systems and Computers. Energy Systems Maintenance. Renewable Energy Sources and Water Management. Distributed Generation. Creating Green Buildings. Green House Gas Emissions Management. Commissioning for New and Existing Buildings. Human Behavior and Facility Energy Management.
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Also known as home energy monitoring systems, HEMS are defined as a technology that consists of hardware and software which are linked and integrated to monitor energy usage, providing feedback on energy consumption and even enhancing control over appliances and devices that use energy in the home. Simply put, these systems allow households to manage their energy consumption more effectively.
According to research, Americans, as well as other countries in the world, are receiving HEM systems quite well. Whichever way one looks at it, the popularity of home energy monitoring systems is bound to continue growing in the nation and other parts of the world. As noted in the definition of home energy management systems, the platform is comprised of hardware and software.
Home energy management systems normally consist of a device which serves as the platform upon which communication between the user, the household appliances and devices and sometimes even the utility firm takes place.
There are two main ways to install the device; physically on the electrical board of the house or virtually especially in cases where the system operates entirely on a wireless network. The software used in home energy management systems is responsible for the moderation of incoming and outgoing data and communication.
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For example, software, through the interface, allows users to have access to the monitoring and controlling functions of the home energy monitoring system. On the other hand, the control function allows users to control appliances either via a user interface known as a remote control or through rule-based control which is based on scheduling and optimization.
For example, a user could schedule an appliance to switch on at a certain time. One other important component of the home energy system, based on the definition, is the network.
Networks play a critical role in ensuring that different technologies are integrated into the home energy management system. The network, therefore, facilitates a link between controllers, sensors, appliances and even control panels. Advancements in technology mean that home energy management systems are comprised of several distinct products. In total, research has identified 11 specific product categories which are further classified into three major groups; a user interface, smart hardware, and software platform products.
Products in this group normally have the core function of facilitating the active participation of the user in the process of managing energy consumption in the home. The products are therefore concerned with providing users with the necessary information and data to help users make better and more sustainable decisions on energy use. Products in this group may also help to facilitate remote based control. While these products are largely concerned with the provision of feedback to the energy consumer, they can also provide information such as demand response prompts from utility companies.
Such information is meant to encourage consumers to change their energy demand patterns. Under this group, there are three distinct product categories;. Home energy management products under this category are normally integrated with existing hardware such as a smart appliance or a utility meter to collect and transmitting information. Through the use of smartphone apps, websites and computer software, users can;.
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Get feedback regarding the use of appliances connected to the portal. Implement remote control or automation of devices connected to the portal. Research suggests that energy portals can lead to electricity savings of between 5. Products under this category collect data from existing hardware e.
These products also facilitate remote control and automation of connected devices. In-home display home management systems are arguably the best-known products in the home energy monitoring market. On top of that, in-home displays come as either a stand-alone unit or as a unit integrated into existing appliances such as a thermostat or even a refrigerator. For example, it could serve as a proxy between a power outlet on a wall and an appliance connected to the outlet. This device does not serve a communicative function in that the information collected remains on the load monitor unless the user manually uploads it to a computer through a physical connection.
Simply, the information flow in these devices is one way. This group of home energy management systems includes those products that allow households to control their energy demand through the modification of energy demand patterns of certain appliances in the house. This group of products comprises of products such as;. These are electric appliances which can receive, interpret and respond to signals received from a home energy management device, utility or even a 3rd party energy service provider.
In addition to that, the appliance can automatically modify its moderation based on the contents of the signal received. Smart appliances may also have built-in displays from which the user can control the appliances settings and also view information on the appliances energy consumption. Many smart appliances can also integrate with mobile phone applications which subsequently allows users to control them from their smartphones or tablets. These are devices which allow users to control the energy consumption of connected heating ventilation and air conditioning HVAC units either through remote control or rule-based control mechanisms.
Those based on rule-based control are also known as programmable thermostats. Smart thermostats are an essential home energy management product particularly because heating and cooling often amount to almost half of the average energy consumption in American households. As such, these products allow for functions such as scheduling of lighting, occupancy control, and daylight harvesting even with traditional lighting solutions.
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Ultimately, the devices help to counter and reduce over-illumination as well as over-consumption of energy to fulfill lighting demands. These home energy management systems also facilitate communication between the lighting and the user. Smart plugs serve the function of acting as a proxy between an energy source and an electricity consuming appliance connected to the source. This allows users to have control and receive feedback from the energy consuming appliance. Some smart plus also allow users to control them remotely from their smartphones, mobile applications, and other internet-enabled devices.
One of the defining characteristics of smart plugs is that they allow users to apply the functionalities and benefits of smart appliances to traditional appliances at a significantly lower cost. Research suggests that smart plugs could result in energy demand savings of between 0. This product category of home energy management systems is comprised of devices that serve the function of facilitating and managing communication and interaction between existing smart appliances in the home. The smart hub, therefore, creates a network between different smart home devices such that users can control them over a single network and via a single smartphone, tablet or another Internet-enabled device.
http://www.adssafaris.com/cli/from/back-to-school-adding-1-and.php Smart hubs also allow users of smart devices to connect with the world through the internet. The success of home energy management systems often depends on how well the devices can work together in concert.
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