The Rise of Islam

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Faithful Muslims believe Islam was revealed to Mohammad about forty years later. Today Islam is a world religion practiced by more than 1. Mohammad was orphaned at a young age and raised by an uncle, the leader of an important tribe. As an adult, Mohammad married, fathered children, and worked as a camel trader. Though he had a prosperous life, Mohammad was often restless, so he frequently withdrew to a cave where he would meditate and pray.

Sometime around , Mohammad said the angel Gabriel visited him in the cave. For the rest of his life, the angel provided Mohammad with messages to share with his community. The most important of these messages was that there was only one God, called Allah in the Arabic language, and that Allah alone should be worshipped. The angel told Mohammad that his people were the descendants of Ishmael and that Mohammad was the prophet who would lead his people to greatness.

Empires of Faith: The Fall of Rome to the Rise of Islam, - Oxford Scholarship

In , Mohammad and his followers fled Mecca for the city of Medina. This journey—called the Hijra in Arabic—is the starting date of the Islamic calendar. It was designed by the British architect, George Wittet. It is the part of the great Ganges plains. The Mahabodhi Temple is located at the place of Lord Buddha's enlightenment.

Bihar is one of the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha, and particularly to the attainment of Enlightenment. One of the most ancient and celebrated religious buildings of Goa, this magnificent 16th century monument, constructed by the Roman Catholics under the Portuguese rule, is the largest church in Asia. The Cathedral is dedicated to St. Catherine of Alexandria on whose feast day in Alfonso Albuquerque defeated the Muslim army and took possession of the city of Goa.

Hence it is also known as St. Catherine's' Cathedral and is bigger than any of the churches in Portugal itself. Victoria Memorial is one of the famous and beautiful monuments of Kolkata. It was built between and to commemorate Queen Victoria's year reign in India.

After the Sepoy Mutiny of , the British government gathered the reins of control of the country directly, and in the British parliament made Victoria the Empress of India. Her reign ended with her death in India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage.

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It has achieved all-round socio-economic progress since Independence. As the 7th largest country in the world, India stands apart from the rest of Asia, marked off as it is by mountains and the sea, which give the country a distinct geographical entity. Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west.

Home Culture and heritage Medieval history The rise of islam in south asia. Print this page A A A. Medieval History. Medieval History of India. Timur's Invasion. World Heritage Sites. Featured Monument. Taj Mahal Sheer poetry in marble. View More. Victoria Memorial Victoria Memorial is one of the famous and beautiful monuments of Kolkata. About India India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage.

Follow us. The Sunnis took a less literal view of the Quran. They had extra-textual traditions that modified the words of the Quran, and these generally relaxed some of the extremism. The Muslim religion was originally supposed to be for the Arabs only. And the Arabs do basically control it.

The Sharif Governor of Mecca, for instance, is from the Hashemite family. Nevertheless, most Muslims in the world are not Arabs. A great deal of Asia is Muslim. All of Indonesia and Malaysia are Muslims. A great deal of Africa is Muslim.

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Therefore, you have a combination of different groups and different races, but basically it is a religion of the desert, a religion for the Arabs. After the first century of Muslim rule, from about the year on, even though the Jews would never have an easy life among the Muslims, and even though they never would be treated with respect let alone equality, they did not feel the terrible persecutions. There were exceptions, such as the Almohads in the 12th century, but generally speaking they did not feel the type of persecution that, for instance, the Jews in Christian Europe felt throughout the Middle Ages.

Furthermore, for a long period of time, the Muslims were the leaders of civilization in terms of art, music, literature, poetry, astronomy and mathematics. The Jews were able to relate to that. Arguably, their greatest invention — probably the most significant invention since the wheel — was the invention of Arabic numerals, which are the basis of all modern mathematics.

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Imagine making advanced calculations if you had to multiply with Roman numerals. Some of these advances were no doubt due to war. Unfortunately, most of the major advances in human technology over the centuries have been either because of war or by-products of war. Since the Muslims were fierce warriors, and were always engaged in war, they naturally made great technological advances.

The study of how to heal war wounds alone, for instance, helped them become skilled doctors. They were especially expert in healing cuts and amputations. Even in the Roman Empire, a doctor was little more than a soothsayer or magician.

The Rise of Islam - History of India in English - Indian History - History of India Documentary

Advances in the study of medicine and the transformation of the station of the doctor into a serious profession are contributions of the Arabs. Because of their love of words, they became poets and authors. We have vestiges of the literature of the Arab world from that time.

Spread of Islam

The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam is probably the most famous, but there are other vestiges of poetry, word plays, puns, stories that all became part of the Muslim culture. It is no accident that this time period also begins the age of the piyyutim singular, piyut in Jewish prayer. A piyut is a special poem inserted into the prayers. Jews often are influenced by the surrounding culture. Arab culture influenced Jews to become poets.

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The Jews directed it towards holy and sublime goals, but the idea to use words in inventive ways is characteristic of the times. The Muslims became very great in philosophy. They inherited Aristotle, because the Church, which needed Aristotle and would use it later with Aquinas, was asleep for these centuries. When the Arabs got hold of all the classical works, they read them and developed ideas in philosophy. When they came to debate the Jews, the Jews had to answer.

The Rise of Islam The Rise of Islam
The Rise of Islam The Rise of Islam
The Rise of Islam The Rise of Islam
The Rise of Islam The Rise of Islam
The Rise of Islam The Rise of Islam
The Rise of Islam The Rise of Islam

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